DAO Governance models and use cases


16 May 2023
DAO Governance models and use cases

DAO governance models is a crucial aspect of DAOs. It outlines decision-making processes, voting mechanisms, funds management, and stakeholder participation. These models have been used to fund, manage and govern DAOs in the cryptocurrency space for several years. This article will discuss the rise of DAOs and examine the various governance models adopted by these innovative organizations.

Excited about joining the DAO? Check out our guide!

Understanding DAO Governance Models

DAO governance models provide a structure for decentralized decision-making and resource allocation within an organization. These models are designed to promote transparency, inclusivity, and community-driven decision-making. Unlike traditional governance structures, where decisions are made by a select group of individuals or entities, DAOs enable broader participation, allowing stakeholders to contribute and influence decisions. Governance models are critical to the success of decentralized organizations. 

DAO Governance Models - Fundamental Concepts

  • Transparency: Promoting easy access to data and involvement in decision-making.
  • Security: Establishing protective measures against harmful attacks or tampering within the DAO.
  • Flexibility: Facilitating change and growth in response to the DAO's and its ecosystem's development.
  • Inclusivity: Fostering wide-ranging community involvement and engagement of stakeholders.

Main DAO Governance Models

Main DAO governance models

There are four main DAO governance models:

  • ConstitutionDAO, 
  • Friends with Benefits DAO, 
  • JuiceboxDAO,
  • Ethereum Name Service DAO. 


ConstitutionDAO represents a governing framework that allows users to collectively pool their resources and acquire shared asset ownership through cryptocurrencies. This DAO governance arrangement ensures stability for its members by implementing a clear set of rules that dictate the DAO's operations. 

As one of the first DAO governance structures, ConstitutionDAO has demonstrated the potential of decentralized organizations and the power of collective efforts in achieving shared goals.

Friends with Benefits DAO

FWB, or Friends with Benefits DAO, is a community centered around social tokens that aims to assist creators and forge solid connections between its participants. Utilizing dao governance models, FWB promotes a socially-driven approach where members holding vested tokens can partake in the decision-making process. This method highlights teamwork, repute, and the value of social capital, empowering members to jointly influence the community's path and efforts.


JuiceboxDAO represents a novel form of dao governance models, integrating aspects of both token-based systems and conviction voting. Within this paradigm, holders of tokens possess voting authority in relation to their stake size, while also being able to demonstrate their dedication by securing their tokens for a certain time frame. As tokens are locked for longer periods, the votes gain more influence. This method encourages lasting engagement and fosters harmony between the motives of stakeholders and the accomplishments of the DAO's projects and endeavors.

Ethereum Name Service DAO

The Ethereum Name Service (ENS) Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) offers a fully distributed domain name system built upon the Ethereum blockchain network. Its governance framework integrates a unique "proof of individuality" process, in which participants establish their distinctiveness through an identity authentication procedure. The ENS DAO employs a quadratic voting mechanism that enables token holders to apportion their voting authority across multiple proposals. In doing so, this model fosters equitable treatment and deters the centralization of power by dispersing influence more evenly among participants.

ENS DAO works on a three-layered approach:

  • Discourse of proposals
  • Off-chain voting used by delegates
  • Voting on the blockchain

Use Cases of DAO Governance Models

1. Decentralized Finance (DeFi)

Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) governance models have significantly impacted the field of decentralized finance (DeFi). DeFi platforms often leverage DAOs to manage key protocol decisions, such as setting interest rates, defining collateral requirements, or introducing new features. Applying a DAO governance structure allows DeFi initiatives to involve community members in the decision-making process, thereby fostering a more inclusive and decentralized financial landscape.

2. Collective Investment and Fund Management

Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAOs) have become valuable tools for group investment and the management of funds. With the implementation of DAO governance structures, those who hold tokens can collaboratively make investment choices, resulting in a more equitable and transparent approach to investing. These DAOs enable pooling of resources, empowering participants to team up and invest in various projects, oversee funds, and apportion profits according to predetermined rules.

3. Content Creation and Curation

In the digital content space, DAO governance models offer new opportunities for content creation and curation platforms. Utilizing DAOs allows content creators and curators to obtain rewards through community-driven voting systems and decision-making procedures. This guarantees that the most valuable and high-quality content receives recognition and financial incentives, creating a fairer and more decentralized content ecosystem.

4. Decentralized Governance

Perhaps the most fundamental use case is in decentralized governance itself. DAOs can be created to manage the decision-making processes within communities, organizations, or even entire cities. By giving power back to the people, DAOs facilitate direct democratic participation, allowing individuals to have a say in matters that affect them. This enables greater transparency, accountability, and inclusivity in governance processes.


DAOs have revolutionized traditional management structures, enabling decentralized decision-making and value creation. With the ability to apply different models to different sectors, such as DeFi, content platforms and investments, DAOs are able to transform and revolutionize a variety of industries.

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What is Account Abstraction?


10 Nov 2023
What is Account Abstraction?

Account abstraction is a new way of thinking about how users interact with blockchains. Instead of using traditional externally owned accounts (EOAs), account abstraction allows users to create and manage their accounts using smart contracts. This has a number of potential benefits, including improved security, enhanced privacy, and increased flexibility.

What is account abstraction?

Account abstraction is a concept that, at its core, aims to simplify the user's interaction with blockchain networks. It is a transformative approach that seeks to mask the technicalities of blockchain operations from end-users. It is making transactions as straightforward as sending an email. Account Abstr. allows users to interact with the blockchain without worrying about the underlying technical details.

How does account abstraction differ from the traditional model?

In the traditional account model, each user has an EOA. EOAs are controlled by private keys, which must be kept secret in order to protect the user's funds. Acc. abstraction allows users to create and manage their accounts using smart contracts.

Historical Context

The journey towards acc. abstraction began with the first generation of blockchain technologies, characterized by their "one-size-fits-all" approach to account management. Bitcoin, for instance, introduced the concept of accounts and transactions in a form that was accessible to tech-savvy individuals but remained perplexing to the layperson. Ethereum expanded on this by introducing smart contracts, which opened the door to programmable transactions but did not alter the fundamental account structure. The idea of acc. abstraction has been discussed in the Ethereum community for several years as a part of various Ethereum Improvement Proposals (EIPs), particularly as a feature to be potentially implemented in Ethereum 2.0. It is a direct response to the need for a more versatile and user-centric design that can cater to a broader audience and spur the widespread adoption of blockchain technology.

The Technicalities of Account Abstraction

Account abstraction is not merely a theoretical construct but a technical innovation with specific mechanisms underpinning its operation. In essence, it alters the way transactions are initiated and executed within a blockchain network.

How Account Abstraction Works

Under traditional blockchain models, initiating a transaction involves an externally owned account (EOA) signing a transaction with a private key. This transaction is then broadcast to the network for validation and inclusion in the blockchain. Account abstraction, however, replaces this process with a more flexible one. Here, every account is a smart contract, and transactions are messages sent through these contracts. These smart contracts can encode complex rules for transaction validation, beyond what EOAs can do, such as multi-signature requirements or conditional transactions based on certain triggers.

The technical crux of account abstraction lies in the smart contract’s ability to define its own conditions for transaction execution. This means that user accounts can have unique security protocols or automated operations without the user needing to understand the underlying smart contract code.

Hey! Are you interested in the latest technologies in the blockchain area? be sure to read the article 'Top Zero-Knowledge Proof Projects to watch in 2023'

The Benefits of Account Abstraction

The implications of account abstraction are profound, offering a range of benefits that can enhance the blockchain experience for users and developers alike.

Improved User Experience

One of the most significant advantages of account abstraction is the improvement it brings to user experience. By abstracting away the complexities of key management and transaction rules, it presents a more intuitive interface for users.

Enhanced Security Features

Account abstraction also allows for the implementation of advanced security measures. Since each account can define its own logic, users can tailor their security settings to their specific needs. For instance, one might set up an account that requires additional verification for transactions exceeding a certain value or restricts withdrawals to certain addresses.

Future Implications

The future implications of account abstraction are vast. As the technology matures, it could become a standard feature of blockchain networks, potentially making the current distinction between user accounts and smart contracts obsolete. This could lead to a new wave of blockchain applications that are both powerful and accessible, bringing us closer to the vision of blockchain technology as a seamless part of everyday life.

Challenges and Considerations

Technical Limitations

One of the primary technical challenges of Acc. abstraction lies in its integration with existing blockchain protocols. Current networks are optimized for the EOA model, and introducing a new account structure necessitates significant changes to the core protocol. This includes modifications to the way transactions are propagated in the network, how gas fees are calculated, and how the state of the blockchain is managed. Ensuring that these changes do not compromise the network's performance or security requires careful planning and extensive testing.

Compatibility with Current Systems

Another consideration is the compatibility of account abstr. with the vast ecosystem of existing blockchain applications and services. Wallets, exchanges, and other services have been built around the traditional account model. Transitioning to an acc. abstraction model will require these services to update their infrastructure, which may be a complex and resource-intensive process. Furthermore, there is a need for standardization across the industry to ensure that different implementations of account abstr. can work seamlessly together.


Acc. abstraction represents a significant leap forward in the quest for a more user-friendly blockchain experience. By streamlining the transaction process and offering enhanced security features, acc abstraction has the potential to make blockchain technology more accessible to a broader audience. However, the path to widespread adoption is not without its obstacles. Technical challenges and compatibility issues must be carefully navigated to integrate it into the existing blockchain landscape.

Key Takeaways

How to Add Gnosis Chain to MetaMask: A Simple Tutorial


03 Nov 2023
How to Add Gnosis Chain to MetaMask: A Simple Tutorial

As the cryptocurrency ecosystem expands, there is an increasing need for various blockchains with distinct capabilities. Gnosis Chain enters the scene, offering a selection of unique characteristics. By integrating Gnosis Chain with MetaMask, users can access a more comprehensive array of decentralized services. We will walk you through the steps to add Gnosis Chain to your MetaMask wallet in this tutorial.


Setting up MetaMask

Before exploring the integration of Gnosis Chain, it is crucial to have MetaMask installed and operational:

  • Download and Install: If you have not done so already, visit the official website to download and install the MetaMask browser extension.
  • Setup Account: After completing the installation, create your account and make sure to remember the provided seed phrase. This phrase serves as your primary means for account recovery, so keep it secure.
  • Secure Your Account: Protecting your MetaMask account is of utmost importance. Use a robust password and never disclose your seed phrase to anyone.

Gnosis Chain

It is always helpful to have a basic understanding before incorporating any new blockchain into your wallet:

  • Gnosis Chain Overview: Gnosis Chain, a rising star in the blockchain world, brings a range of decentralized solutions to the table, such as prediction markets and decentralized trading platforms.
  • Benefits & Features: Among Gnosis Chain's main selling points are its accelerated transaction speeds and potentially lower fees when compared to congested networks.

Tutorial: How to Add Gnosis Chain to MetaMask

In the top right-hand corner of your browser, you'll find the wallet. If pinned, click on the MetaMask fox icon; if not, click the three dots in the top-right corner. The following screen will appear:

An option to expand the wallet to a new browser page is available by clicking "Expand view:"

This action will launch MetaMask in a new tab:

By clicking on the ‘Ethereum mainnet’ in the top left corner, you can add another network. Click ‘Add Network’

Choose option ‘Add a network manually’

Then, input the information below:

Network Name: Gnosis Chain formerly xDai

RPC URL: https://rpc.gnosischain.com

ChainID: 100

Symbol: XDAI

Block Explorer URL: https://gnosisscan.io

After saving the settings, Gnosis Chain will be added to your network.

The Benefits of Adding Gnosis Chain to MetaMask

With multiple blockchains becoming more common, integrating Gnosis Chain with MetaMask offers numerous advantages:

Expanded Capabilities: Accessing Gnosis Chain through MetaMask opens up a collection of exclusive applications and features inherent to this particular blockchain, which may include unique dapps or cutting-edge financial products.

Diversification: The crypto domain is extensive and constantly growing. By incorporating various chains like Gnosis into MetaMask, you broaden your potential investment opportunities and decentralized application experiences, ensuring no opportunities are missed.

Speed & Cost-Effectiveness: Network congestion and high gas fees on established platforms like Ethereum can discourage many users. Gnosis Chain's architecture has the potential to provide relief through quicker transaction times and more affordable fees.

In summary, as the possibilities within the crypto sphere continue to evolve, tools like MetaMask grant users access to this expanding world. By adding chains like Gnosis, users can stay ahead in this decentralized revolution.


By bridging platforms like Gnosis Chain with accessible tools like MetaMask, individuals not only amplify their engagement with decentralized applications but also fortify their position in this expansive realm. The integration of Gnosis Chain to MetaMask epitomizes the evolution of the crypto landscape – a testament to its ever-growing diversity and potential. As we continue to delve deeper into the decentralized future, tools and integrations like these will undoubtedly play a pivotal role in shaping our digital experiences and opportunities. Whether you're seeking more efficient transactions, diverse dapp interactions, or simply a broader understanding of the crypto ecosystem, this guide's steps open doors to a new horizon.