Algorand for Beginners 1 – How to set up a development environment for Algorand? | Nextrope Academy

Paulina Lewandowska

27 Sep 2022
Algorand for Beginners 1 – How to set up a development environment for Algorand? | Nextrope Academy

In this article we start our series of articles that form the Algorand course for beginners. From the series of articles you will learn, among other things, how to set up a development environment for Algorand, how to deploy a smart contract on the Algorand network of your choice, how to write a simple smart contract, and what tools and frameworks you can use to work with the Algorand blockchain.

Algorand is a "green blockchain" launched in 2019, with the overarching goal of solving the blockchain trilemma through transaction speed, security, and a consensus algorithm that ensures full decentralization of the network.

A list of the necessary tools and components:

  • Visual Studio Code
  • Python 3.6 or later
  • pyTeal library and py-teal-sdk
  • Docker Desktop
  • Algorand Sandbox
  • Skeleton project repository

Visual Studio Code installation

Visual Studio Code will be your IDE, with the help of this program you will be able to write application code.

Visual Studio Code (known as VS Code) is a free and open source text editor from Microsoft. VS Code is available for operating systems: Windows, Linux and macOS. Although the editor is relatively lightweight, it includes several advanced features that have made VS Code one of the most popular development environment tools in recent times.

  • Go to  and download the installation file compatible with your operating system.
  • Install Visual Studio Code on your computer and proceed to the next step in this tutorial.

Installing Python

Python is a general-purpose, high-level interpreted programming language commonly used for web development, data analysis and automation.

One way to write smart contract logic for the Algorand network is with the Python library pyTeal ( ), which allows you to write smart contract logic in python and compile the code into the TEAL code required by the AVM (Algorand Virtual Machine).

  • TEAL is an assembly language syntax for specifying a program that is eventually converted to AVM (Algorand Virtual Machine) byte code.
  • In VS Code, go to the "Extensions" tab used to install add-ons for Our IDE.

In the search bar, type "Python" and install Python extension for VS Code.

The next step is to install the interpreter for Python. This process varies depending on the operating system you are using.


  • Download the installer for the language version of your choice from the official Python website then go through the standard installation process,
  • An alternative to the above method is to install Python from the Microsoft Store, all the latest versions of python are available there.


  • To install the Python interpreter on macOS, we need to use the Homebrew package manager,
  • If Homebrew is already installed, open the command line and enter the command brew install python3.

On Linux distributions, the Python 3.x interpreter is installed by default.

After installing Python, it's a good idea to check that everything went as expected. To see the currently installed version of the interpreter, enter the command at the command line

python -v

Installing Docker Desktop

Docker Desktop is an easy-to-install application for macOS, Linux and Windows environments that allows you to create and share containerized applications and microservices.

Docker Desktop is required by the Algorand sandbox, a toolkit provided by the Algorand developers that is, a must-have, for any Algorand developer no matter what his or her level of expertise. Without Docker Desktop, you won't be able to run the most important tool for Algorand developers.

Installation files for each environment are available here.

After installation, Docker Desktop will start automatically.

Downloading Algorand Sandbox

Algorand sandbox is a set of tools that facilitate communication and interaction with the Algorand blockchain. Components of the sandbox include indexer, goal and algod.

With sandbox you can run betanet, testnet and mainnet in network mode, create tokens, nodes, execute transactions, create wallet addresses, check account balances, or deploy your applications on the network of your choice.

  • Go to and copy the link to the sandbox repository
  • Then open the command line on your computer, navigate to the desired location and enter the command git clone <repository address>
  • The sandbox repository will be cloned to your computer and you can start using it right away

Downloading the repository skeleton

To get started with Algorand easily enough, you should use the project skeleton, prepared by the Algorand development team.

Running Python (venv)

Python venv is a virtual Python environment in which the Python interpreter, libraries and scripts installed in it are isolated from those installed in other virtual environments and (by default) any libraries installed in "system" Python, i.e. one that is installed as part of the operating system.

To run a virtual Python environment follow a few simple steps:

  • Open the previously downloaded project skeleton in VS Code and start the terminal,
  • Make sure you are in the root directory of the project and enter the command python -m venv venv, the python virtual environment will be created with the name "venv",
  • Then depending on the operating system you are using, enter another command to activate the virtual environment:
  • MacOS: source ./venv/bin/activate
  • Windows: source ./venv/Scripts/activate,
  • To make sure you are working on the correct virtual environment, check that the name of your virtual environment appears before the command line in the terminal.

Installing additional libraries

In the example project in the requirements.txt folder, there are additional libraries that you need to install to start writing code for your application using the pyTeal library.

PyTeal is a Python language library for constructing Algorand smart contracts. It was created as a community project. The main goal of this library is to make writing contracts even easier and more accessible for programmers who prefer programming in Python.

  • To install additional libraries into your virtual environment you need to put is in the project's root directory in the requirements.txt file,
  • The most important libraries that we will use when writing smart contracts for Algorand are pyTeal and py-teal-sdk,
  • Once you have the requirements.txt file enter the following command to start installing additional libraries, pip install -r ./requirements.txt .

Linking your project to a sandbox

When creating your blockchain application, after some time you may need, for example, to deploy it on a network of your choice. For this task you will need the Algorand sandbox, but first you need to properly connect your project to the sandbox by pointing it to the location of Our Project, among other things.

To do this, navigate to the folder where the Algorand sandbox you downloaded earlier is located and follow the instructions below:

  • Open the docker-compose.yml file and in the services.algod section enter the additional volumes key with three additional parameters:
  • -type: bind,
  • source: <path to your project>,
  • target: /data,
  • example in the graphic below:

Starting the Algorand sandbox

To interact with the Algorand blockchain using the sandbox, you must first launch the sandbox container in Docker Desktop application.

To do so, follow the instructions below:

Open the command line on your computer and navigate to the folder of the sandbox you downloaded earlier,

Then enter the command ./sandbox up to start the sandbox container and place it in Docker,

By default, the sandbox will be started with betanet support. To run the sandbox with support for another network enter  ./sandbox up testnet or ./sandbox up mainnet .


With all the above steps completed, you have a ready-made environment to start working with the pyTeal library. You can now start writing your first smart contract, and deploy it on the network of your choice.

In the next article, we will introduce you to writing the simplest smart contract, along with deploying it on the Algorand network.

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The Economy of Aleph Zero (AZERO)


22 Feb 2024
The Economy of Aleph Zero (AZERO)

The evolution of blockchain technology has brought forward numerous platforms aiming to solve various challenges in the digital world. Among these innovations, Aleph Zero stands out with its unique approach to creating an economically viable ecosystem through thoughtful tokenomics and incentives. This article delves into the economy of Aleph Zero, focusing on its native token, AZERO, to understand how it sustains growth, incentivizes participation, and ensures long-term viability.

MUST READ: "What is Aleph Zero"

Understanding AZERO Tokenomics

Key Metrics and Distribution

  • Ticker: AZERO
  • Type: Utility
  • Circulating Supply: 257,990,631
  • Total Supply: 354,678,137
  • % Staked: 71%
  • # of Wallets: 207,370
  • Inflation: 30,000,000 AZERO per year
  • Market Cap: $410,598,781

Allocation and Use Cases

  • Aleph Zero Foundation. 23% of the tokens are allocated for research, development, marketing, operations, ecosystem incentives, and other expenses.
  • Team Allocation. 10% of the tokens, with 80% locked for one year and vested over four years.
  • Funding Rounds. Details on the pre-seed, seed, Early Community round, public presale, and public sale distributions.
  • AZERO Utility. The AZERO coin powers the Aleph Zero ecosystem by being used for validator node staking, DEX swap fees, collateral for wrapped assets in Liminal, fees for asset-wrapping and bridging on Liminal, network fees, and governance voting processes.

The Role of Inflation in Aleph Zero's Ecosystem

Inflation is often viewed negatively in traditional economic contexts, associated with diminishing purchasing power and economic instability. However, in the realm of blockchain ecosystems like Aleph Zero, inflation serves as a pivotal mechanism for fostering sustainable growth, incentivizing network participation, and ensuring the long-term viability of the platform. This article explores the nuanced role of inflation within Aleph Zero's ecosystem, detailing its introduction, benefits, and governance.

Introduction of Inflation

Aleph Zero has introduced a systematic annual increase of 30 million AZERO tokens to its circulating supply, a decision rooted in the desire to sustain and nurture ecosystem growth. This inflationary mechanism is not merely a tool for increasing token supply but a strategic approach to enhancing the network's security, scalability, and development. By carefully calibrating the rate of inflation, Aleph Zero aims to balance the need for rewarding network participants with the imperative of maintaining the token's value over time.

Benefits of Inflation

The introduction of inflation within Aleph Zero's ecosystem serves multiple critical functions, each contributing to the platform's overarching goals:

  • Incentivizing Validators and Nominators. Validators and nominators play a crucial role in securing the Aleph Zero network through the proof-of-stake consensus mechanism. Inflation provides these participants with financial rewards for their efforts, encouraging continued engagement and investment in the network's health and security.
  • Funding Ecosystem Treasury. A portion of the newly minted AZERO tokens is allocated to the ecosystem treasury each year. These funds are instrumental in supporting ongoing development projects, marketing initiatives, operational expenses, and other activities that contribute to the ecosystem's growth and sustainability.
  • Supporting Long-Term Holding. By distributing inflation rewards primarily to those who stake their tokens, Aleph Zero encourages long-term holding over speculative trading. This strategy aims to reduce market volatility and foster a stable economic environment conducive to gradual growth.

Inflation Mechanism and Governance

Validators and Nominators

At the heart of Aleph Zero's security and efficiency are its validators and nominators, who ensure the integrity of transactions and the network at large. Inflation directly supports these roles by compensating participants for their staked tokens and the risks associated with securing the network. This compensation not only rewards current participants but also attracts new validators and nominators, enhancing the network's decentralization and resilience.

Ecosystem Treasury

The ecosystem treasury represents a vital component of Aleph Zero's inflation strategy, receiving a dedicated portion of the annual inflation to fund various initiatives. These initiatives range from research and development to community engagement programs, all aimed at bolstering the ecosystem's health and competitiveness. The treasury's role is pivotal in allocating resources efficiently to areas that promise the most significant impact on Aleph Zero's growth and user adoption.

Decentralized Governance

A key aspect of Aleph Zero's inflationary policy is its commitment to decentralized governance. The platform envisions a future where token holders can vote on critical decisions, including adjustments to the inflation rate. This participatory approach ensures that the inflation mechanism remains responsive to the ecosystem's evolving needs, balancing the interests of various stakeholders to support the platform's long-term success.

MUST READ: "Aleph Zero vs Solana"

Regulatory Compliance and Market Presence

  • FINMA No-Action Letter: Aleph Zero’s compliance with Swiss law and the implications for its operation and token issuance.
  • Market and Wallets: Insights into Aleph Zero’s market presence, including exchanges and wallet statistics.

Key Takeaways


The economy of Aleph Zero showcases a thoughtful approach to creating a sustainable and growing blockchain ecosystem. Through strategic token allocation Aleph Zero is poised to contribute significantly to the blockchain landscape. As the platform evolves, its economic strategies will likely serve as a benchmark for future blockchain projects.

If you are interested in utilizing Aleph Zero, Solana or other blockchain-based solutions for your project, please reach out to


How is the AZERO token distribution structured?

  • The distribution is designed to support the ecosystem's growth, with allocations for stakeholders and strategic initiatives.

What role does inflation play in the Aleph Zero ecosystem?

  • Inflation is used strategically to incentivize network participation and ensure sustainability.

What is the utility of AZERO tokens within the Aleph Zero ecosystem?

  • AZERO tokens power the Aleph Zero ecosystem (validator node staking, DEX swap fees, collateral for wrapped assets in Liminal, fees for asset-wrapping and bridging on Liminal, network fees, and governance voting processes).

How does Aleph Zero handle inflation and its impact on the ecosystem?

  • Aleph Zero introduces a systematic annual increase of 30 million AZERO tokens to encourage ecosystem growth, incentivize participation, fund the ecosystem treasury, and support long-term holding by distributing inflation rewards mainly to stakers, aiming to balance growth with token value maintenance.

Aleph Zero vs Solana: A Comparative Analysis


22 Feb 2024
Aleph Zero vs Solana: A Comparative Analysis

Blockchain ensures unparalleled security, transparency, and efficiency across various sectors. Within this innovative landscape, Aleph Zero and Solana have carved their niches, emerging as leading blockchain platforms. This article delves into a comparative analysis 'Aleph Zero vs Solana', aiming to illuminate their distinct features, technological advancements, and potential applications.

Understanding the Basics

Aleph Zero


  • Brief History and Development: Originating from a vision to enhance privacy and scalability in blockchain, Aleph Zero quickly ascended as a notable contender. Its development team focused on creating a platform that merges traditional blockchain benefits with advanced privacy features.
  • Core Technology and Consensus Mechanism: At its core, Aleph Zero utilizes a Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) combined with a unique consensus algorithm. This innovative approach not only ensures transactions are processed swiftly but also maintains high security and privacy standards.



  • Brief History and Development: Solana was born from the ambition to solve the blockchain trilemma: achieving scalability, security, and decentralization without compromise. Its rapid growth is attributed to its ability to cater to high-demand applications, from decentralized finance (DeFi) to non-fungible tokens (NFTs).
  • Core Technology and Consensus Mechanism: Solana introduces the Proof of History (PoH) consensus mechanism, a groundbreaking innovation that allows for timestamping transactions in a sequential manner. This, combined with its underlying blockchain structure, enables Solana to process transactions at lightning speeds, setting new standards for efficiency in the blockchain domain.

The journeys of Aleph Zero and Solana, though distinct, converge on a shared goal: to redefine the capabilities of blockchain technology. Through their innovative approaches to consensus mechanisms and core technologies, both platforms offer unique solutions to the challenges facing traditional and digital markets today. Their contributions to the blockchain landscape not only highlight their individual strengths but also underscore the diverse potential of blockchain technology as a whole.

MUST READ: "What is Aleph Zero - Key Features"

Key Features Comparison - Aleph Zero vs Solana


  • Aleph Zero: Tackles scalability through its DAG-based consensus, allowing parallel transactions that increase scalability.
  • Solana: Achieves high scalability with its PoH consensus, efficiently handling thousands of transactions per second (TPS).

Transaction Speed and Throughput

  • Aleph Zero: Boasts fast transaction speeds due to its lightweight consensus mechanism, aiming for efficiency without sacrificing security.
  • Solana: Known for its exceptional speed, Solana processes up to 65,000 TPS, setting a benchmark in blockchain throughput.


  • Aleph Zero: Offers low transaction fees, making it attractive for both high-volume transactions and micro-transactions.
  • Solana: Despite its high throughput, Solana maintains competitively low fees, further enhancing its appeal for developers and users alike.

Smart Contracts and DApp Development

  • Aleph Zero: Supports smart contracts and DApp development, focusing on privacy and scalability within its ecosystem.
  • Solana: Provides robust support for DApps and smart contracts, powered by its high-speed blockchain, ideal for complex applications.
Aleph Zero vs Solana

Use Cases - Aleph Zero vs Solana

Aleph Zero

  • Best Suited For: Privacy-focused applications, financial services requiring high security, and scalable enterprise solutions.


  • Shines In: High-frequency trading platforms, decentralized finance (DeFi) applications, and NFT marketplaces demanding fast transactions.

Performance Analysis

Network Speed and Efficiency

  • Aleph Zero: Demonstrates efficiency with its innovative consensus, ensuring quick and secure transactions.
  • Solana: Outpaces many with its network speed, attributed to the PoH mechanism, ensuring both rapid and consistent transaction processing.

Scalability Solutions

  • Aleph Zero: Continuously explores advancements in DAG technology to enhance its scalability solutions.
  • Solana: Plans to further optimize its infrastructure, ensuring it remains scalable amidst growing demand.

Security Aspects

Consensus Mechanisms

  • Aleph Zero: Its unique consensus mechanism prioritizes security, aiming to prevent attacks while maintaining speed.
  • Solana: Solana's PoH consensus is designed with security in mind, preventing double-spending and ensuring transaction integrity.

Known Vulnerabilities and Responses

  • Aleph Zero: Responds to vulnerabilities with timely updates, emphasizing its commitment to security and privacy.
  • Solana: Has faced challenges, including network congestions and DDoS attacks, but has responded with enhancements to its network resilience.

Through this comparative analysis, it becomes evident that Aleph Zero and Solana each bring distinctive strengths to the blockchain arena. Their approaches to scalability, transaction speed, fees, and smart contract capabilities cater to different needs within the blockchain ecosystem. Moreover, their targeted use cases and ongoing efforts to enhance performance and security underscore the dynamic and evolving nature of blockchain technology.


In conclusion, the comparative analysis between Aleph Zero vs Solana reveals two highly innovative and efficient blockchain platforms, each with its unique strengths. Aleph Zero focuses on privacy and scalability, making it ideal for applications requiring robust security measures. Solana, on the other hand, excels in transaction speed and throughput, positioning it as a top choice for high-frequency trading and DeFi applications.

If you are interested in utilizing Aleph Zero, Solana or other blockchain-based solutions for your project, please reach out to


What are the main differences between Aleph Zero and Solana's consensus mechanisms?

  • Aleph Zero uses a Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) combined with a unique consensus algorithm for high security and privacy, while Solana employs Proof of History (PoH) for high-speed transaction processing.

How do Aleph Zero and Solana compare in terms of transaction speed and scalability?

  • Aleph Zero focuses on scalability with its DAG-based consensus allowing parallel transactions, while Solana is known for its exceptional speed, processing up to 65,000 transactions per second.

What are the targeted use cases for Aleph Zero and Solana?

  • Aleph Zero is best suited for privacy-focused applications and scalable enterprise solutions, whereas Solana excels in high-frequency trading platforms, decentralized finance (DeFi) applications, and NFT marketplaces.

How does the developer community size and support compare between Aleph Zero and Solana?

  • Readers might be curious about the size of the developer community, availability of development tools, and the level of support provided to developers in both ecosystems.

What are the environmental impacts of Aleph Zero vs. Solana?

  • Given increasing concerns about sustainability, potential users may question the energy consumption and environmental footprint of both blockchain platforms.